Structure of a Good Literature Review

A literature review is an evaluation of previous research done by an author. It attempts to provide a general idea of the author’s findings by systematically reviewing the findings collected. It is crucial to show the significance of the findings you make. One way to achieve this is by providing your thesis statement.

The aim of a literature review is to show the reader why the work of an author is necessary for their research. It sets the framework for them to decide whether or not they should continue to read the current research. By doing this, you are trying to convince the reader why the study is the most appropriate for their current understanding of the topic. A good literature review gives your research an air of legitimacy.

It can be very satisfying to see your research being called to attention by many other researchers. But to get this recognition, you should ensure that your review is accurate, current, and comprehensive. Many students end up wasting a lot of time trying to work out how they can improve their review. This article shows you how to make a well-structured review that captures the reader’s attention and stands out. 


While working on your literature review, you should strive to find out the correct structure to use. Before starting to write it, it is important to understand the rules of the sections. Some of the most essential requirements to follow are:

  • Be precise. This means that you should be clear and concise in your research work. 
  • Make sure the introduction is active and straightforward. Ensure that the reader understands your study more from the first line of your introduction.
  • Start the review with a topic sentence. In this section, you should summarize the current trend in your field of study for the readers to decide whether your current research works to add new knowledge to their comprehension of the topic. The topic sentence should also show whether your research is unique or whether there are existing studies using the same theory.
  • After the introduction, include one paragraph where you should elaborate on the highlights of the study. These can be written about recent, recently published research in your area of study, or trends in your field of study. Ensure that your author’s name is written in the first person. 
  • In the conclusion, summarize the review and show the reader why the study is important to the community at large.

The formatting of the review should be carefully considered. Some students may not stick to the recommended referencing styles. On the other hand, some institutions offer novices a free format to try out before they are allowed to work on a literature review. Whatever the case may be, your lecturer or institution may have specific instructions on how you should format your work.

Main Ideas to Include in the Review

In your literature review, the main ideas to include will be presented. They include:

  1. Implications
  2. Limitations
  3. Achievements
  4. Citations
  5. References
  6. Bibliography


The conclusion should present the major points made in the literature review and expound on the significant contribution of the research. It should make the reader want to read more from the author. It should also give you a chance to answer any other questions that the reader might have.

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